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EASN supported projects

SUNJET

Project Context

SUNJET, a European Project within the Framework Programme 7 (Research / Aeronautics and Air Transport) aimed at establishing an initial framework, data base and network, in order to facilitate and enhance the cooperation in R&T activities between Japan and Europe. Through the participation of all the relevant Stakeholders, it introduced a more structured dialogue to identify the similarities in the respective research agendas / road maps.

Work performed

As from the starting date of the project (1st of June 2011) the work had been concentrated on the following areas:
  • Building up ad-hoc EU-Japan R&T cooperation areas of mutual benefit
  • Proposing win-win R&T roadmaps / cooperations
  • Having a mutual understanding of administrative mechanisms: clarify the principles governing such  EU-Japan R&T cooperation, respective funding mechanisms, IPRs, etc. and the main barriers to that cooperation and suggesting ways to overcome all the problems

Results


SUNJET project indicated the areas where the cooperation topics were mutually favoured assuring a good reciprocity between the parties.
It did not interfere with the various EU - Japan R&T cooperative activities already undertaken, but nonetheless provided rules and references that could be beneficial to all.
Finally, the project provided common R&T road maps for cooperation to be introduced in future calls for proposals within Framework programmes of the European Commission and mechanisms in Japan.

6th FP7 call: EASN endorsed projects

7 upstream research projects were endorsed by EASN in the frame of the 6th FP7 call. Of the submitted proposals, 6 were successful in the evaluation process and 2 have obtained EC funding.

Funded projects:
CORSAIR: COld spray  Radical Solutions for Aeronautic Improved Repairs
i-VISION: Immersive Semantics-based Virtual Environments for the Design and Validation of Human-centred Aircraft Cockpits


Other endorsed projects:

ENCOMB+:Validation of Quality Assurance Concepts for Adhesive Bonding of Aircraft Composite Structures by Extended NDT
PACIS
: Pioneering aircraft-integrated structural sensors
VIVID: Virtual assessment of low-velocity impact damage in composite airframes
DREAMCOMP: A universal approach in developing robust and energy efficient monitoring, optimisation and control technologies for economic composites processing
EFRA: Environmental Friendly Aircraft

CELPACT

CELPACT is an upstream research project concerned with development of breakthrough technologies and design tools for future airframe structures with high efficiency and safety. It has been prioritised by the European Aeronautical Scientific Network EASN. The consortium from five European countries contains seven leading universities with research institutes and aircraft industry partners. The coordination of CELPACT is assigned to DLR (German National Aerospace Research Center) and dr. Alastair Johnson.

http://www.easn.net/research-projects/celpact/research.htm

HERMES

The HERMES project aims to develop a closer and more effective communication, between researchers working in the field of transport technologies in the EU, and their counterparts around the world by facilitating the exchange of information and developing a framework for long term collaboration. 
This will be achieved through the establishment of a common portal for accessing information from databases of past and ongoing research projects worldwide, in collaboration with database managers worldwide. As part of these activities HERMES will seek to obtain agreement for a harmonisation of database architectures, so that information can be accessed easily by researchers world-wide. 
The HERMES Project is funded by the European Commission under the Framework 7 Programme and will run for 27 months from November 2011 to February 2014. The aim is to create a portal for transport research databases worldwide.

For more information on the project please visit:  http://www.hermes-project.net/

SICOM

Corrosion management concepts utilising the application and integration of corrosion predictive tools for corrosion occurrence and corrosion propagation will be a driver for new technical advances in the field of corrosion maintenance and in development of new structural designs, materials and processes for surface protection. Additional benefits can be expected by reduced time to market for new products.

SICOM will develop a numerical microscale model to simulate localised corrosion of Al-Alloys with regard to microstructure and the micro-electrochemical condition. It will provide corrosion rates of Al-Alloys in the mesoscale of occluded cells by means of numerical calculation as a function of physical and geometrical factors for given macro-environments to simulate crevice corrosion. A numerical model for prediction of galvanic corrosion behaviour will be developed and up-scaled for application to structural elements of aircraft. The influence of surface treatment on modelling results will be included with regard to inhibitor release from protection systems, role of clad layer and oxide degrading effects. A decision support tool will be established to enable exploitation and implementation of the project results in scientific and technical applications.

SICOM will provide models that can become an essential part of future predictive maintenance concepts to avoid unanticipated and unscheduled maintenance with high costs. Data from monitoring systems and non-destructive inspection can be used as model input. Models output will be utilised for the repair decision process or can supply structural integrity concepts and hereby fill the gap between monitoring or inspection and calculation of the structural impact of corrosion. Aircraft development costs will be reduced through saving on testing time and quantity. The prediction models can be combined with expert systems and databases for a more efficient and reliable development and selection of materials.

 

 

The scientific and technological objectives of SICOM are:

 I. Definition of modelling parameters that represent corrosion condition and in-service experience of aircraft

II. Development of a numerical micro-scale model to simulate localised corrosion of Al- Alloys with regard to micro-structure and the micro-electrochemical condition

III. Determine the corrosion rate of Al-Alloys in the meso-scale of occluded cells by means of numerical calculation as a function of physical and geometrical factor for given macro-environment.

IV. Development of a basic numerical model for prediction of galvanic corrosion behaviour and upscale it for application to structural elements of aircraft

V. Analysis and integration of the impact of surface treatment of modelling results with regard to inhibition release effect on corrosion rate, clad layer influence and oxide degrading effects.

VI. Development of a decision tool to link different model of different scales and model validation

 

 Partners

  • EADS Corporate Research Centre Germany
  • Airbus Deutschland GmbH
  • EADS Corporate Research Centre France
  • Computational Mechanics International Limited
  • Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research
  • University of Bourgogne
  • University of Erlangen
  • Sheffield Hallam University
  • University of Patras
  • Warsaw University of Technology

 

http://www.easn.net/research-projects/sicom/



ENCOMB

Extended Non-Destructive Testing of Composite Bonds

Even though composite materials are already used in the manufacturing of structural components in aeronautics industry a consequent light-weight design of CFRP primary structures is limited due to a lack of adequate joining technologies. In general, adhesive bonding is the optimum technique for joining CFRP light-weight structures, but difficulties in assessing the bond quality by non-destructive testing (NDT) limit its use for aircraft structural assembly. In consequence certification by the regulation authorities is restrictive. In order to implement robust and reliable quality assurance procedures for adhesive bonding, the main objective of ENCOMB is the identification, development and adaptation of methods suitable for the assessment of the adhesive bond quality. Since the performance of adhesive bonds depends on the physico-chemical properties of adherend surfaces and adhesives, testing methods for adhesive and adherend surface characterisation will also be developed.

The implementation of reliable adhesive bonding processes by advanced quality assurance will lead to an increased use of light-weight composite materials for highly integrated structures minimising rivet based assembly. The expected weight savings for the fuselage airframe are up to 15 %. These weight savings will have further effects on the size and weight of the engines. From the overall weight savings, significant reductions in fuel consumption (direct costs) and hence CO2 emissions per passenger-kilometre will result. In ENCOMB, a multidisciplinary consortium of 14 partners from top-level European research organisations, universities and industries brings together leading experts from all relevant fields. The participation of three major European aircraft manufacturers as well as one SME ensures the consideration of relevant application scenarios, technological specifications and use of the full exploitation potential of the results.

More information is available on the ENCOMB website www.encomb.eu

INMA

Innovative Manufacturing of complex Ti sheet component

The INMA project aims at developing an intelligent knowledge-based (KB) flexible manufacturing technology for titanium shaping that will lead to drastically reduce current aircraft development costs incurred by the fabrication of complex titanium sheet components with a minimal environmental impact. In particular, this project aims at strengthening European aircraft industry competitiveness, by transforming the current non-flexible and cost intensive forming processes into a rapid and agile manufacturing process. This brand new technology, based on Asymmetric incremental sheet forming (AISF), will transform the way many titanium sheet aeronautical components such as after pylon fairings, fan blades, exhaust ducts or air collectors are manufactured today. The innovative, cost-efficient and ecological forming technology to shape complex geometries in titanium that will contribute to strengthen the European aircraft industry competitiveness meeting society?s needs.

Currently, aircraft industry uses complicated and cost intensive forming processes to shape complex Ti sheet components, such as deep drawing, hot forming, super plastic forming (SPF) and hydroforming. In some cases parts are even obtained by hand working. These techniques show severe drawbacks which include high costs, long industrialisation phases and high energy consumption rates. On the contrary, main features of the innovative AISF technology to be developed will be an increased flexibility, cost reduction, minimised energy consumption and a speed up in the industrialisation phase.

The major impacts of the results obtained in the INMA project will be:
  • Cost incurred by dedicated tooling will be reduced in a 80%
  • The component lead times will decrease in a 90%
  • Buy-to-fly ratios will be up to a 20% lower

The INMA Consortium is integrated by 2 end-users, 1 equipment provider, 4 research organisations, 3 universities and the EASN association. Participation of industrial partners who will directly exploit the project results will guarantee the impact of the project.

More information is available on the project website www.inmaproject.eu

5th FP7 call: EASN endorsed projects

Twelve academia driven Level 1 project proposals were endorsed by EASN for the 5th FP7 call. Of the 12 submitted proposals, 11 were successful in the evaluation process and 3 have obtained EC funding.






Funded projects:
IN-LIGHT-eWINDOW: Development of innovative light blocking electro- and thermo- chromic coatings for energy efficient windows
IASS: Improving the aircraft safety by self healing structure and protecting  nanofillers
QUICOM: Quantitative inspection of complex composite aeronautic parts using advanced X-ray techniques

High in reserve list:
i-VISION: Immersive semantics-based virtual environments for the design and validation of human centered aircraft cockpits
CORSAIR: New solutions for manufacturing and repair of Ni alloys components

Other endorsed projects:
GENUMAS: Geometric Numerical Simulator for Aircraft Safety
PARAD2IS: Parameters of Defects Detected In composites by Shearography
AISHA+: Aircraft integrated structural health assessment +
VIVID: Virtual assessment of low-velocity impact damage in composite airframes
HIPACT: Design of novel aircraft structures resistant to high velocity impact
ATMAS-ATM advanced system: Development of the future ATM concept based on 4D navigation/planning capabilities, common data pool and advanced CDM process.
ACTIVA: Aero-engine Components Tolerance to the Ingestion of Volcanic Ash

SARISTU

The project concerns the challenges posed by the physical integration of smart intelligent structural concepts. It addresses aircraft weight and operational cost reductions as well as an improvement in the flight profile specific aerodynamic performance.

This concerns material concepts enabling a conformal, controlled distortion of aerodynamically important surfaces, material concepts enabling an active or passive status assessment of specific airframe areas with respect to shape and potential damages and material concepts enabling further functionalities which to date have been unrealizable.

Past research has shown the economic feasibility and system maturity of aerodynamic morphing. However, few projects concerned themselves with the challenges arising from the structural integration on commercial aircraft. In particular the skin material and its bonding to the substructure is challenging. It is the aim of this project proposal to demonstrate the structural realizability of individual morphing concepts concerning the leading edge, the trailing edge and the winglet on a full-size external wing by aerodynamic and structural testing.

Operational requirements on morphing surfaces necessitate the implementation of an independent, integrated shape sensing system to ensure not only an optimal control of the aerodynamic surface but also failure tolerance and robustness. Developments made for structural health monitoring will be adapted to this task. Similar systems optimized for rapid in-service damage assessment have progressed to a maturity which allows their inclusion in the next generation of aircraft. However, the time consuming application of these sensor systems has to be further improved by integration at the component manufacturing level. The additional benefit of a utilization of these adapted systems for part manufacture process and quality control shall be assessed in SARISTU.

Addressing the Nanotechnology aspect of the call, benefits regarding significant damage tolerance and electrical conductivity improvements shall be realized at sub-assembly level.

CREDO

CREDO - 'Cabin noise Reduction by Experimental and numerical Design Optimization'is a Specific Targeted Research or innovation Project (STREP) within the 6th European Framework Programme, Priority [4] Aeronautics and Space, whose scientific coordinator is the Dept. of Mechanics, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (It).

http://mm.univpm.it/credo