ICARUS (Innovative Coarsening-resistant Alloys with enhanced Radiation tolerance and Ultra-fine grained Structure for aerospace application) is an ambitious collaborative project, aiming to develop an innovative thermodynamic approach to materials design, which promises the discovery of entirely new classes of multi-component nanocrystalline metal alloys resistant to coarsening, with properties specifically tailored to application.
The concept and nature of ICARUS project is of high risk and high expected impact, and it is in this way funded under the European Commission?s Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) programme.
ICARUS brings a radically new concept by addressing a still unsolved problem in the stabilization of nanocrystalline alloys. A proof of concept from its approach will be given and tested by experts and specialized industries working in the aerospace sector in close contact with NASA and ESA.
A successful ICARUS project would cause a paradigm shift in the aviation industry, by allowing more efficient use of resources and energy, reductions in aviation's negative environmental impact through the use of lighter and recycle structures in aviation, reduction in manufacturing and maintenance costs and lead time, as well as in the certification/standardisation costs.
For more information on the ICARUS project and EASN-TIS's participation, please refer to the project's website at http://icarus-alloys.eu/
FUCAM (FUture Cabin for the Asian Market), a Horizon 2020 collaborative project, aims at developing a conceptual cabin interior design dedicated to the Asian markets in the year 2025 and onwards. The project will analyse the user requirements from the airlines' and passengers' perspectives in Japan and two other key markets representative of the Asian area (China, South-East Asia). FUCAM is coordinated by Airbus Group Innovations and its Consortium brings together 9 partners, 8 originating from 7 different European countries and 1 from Tokyo, Japan.
The project focuses on the Asian market first, so that the outcome will be a cabin concept that is not a worldwide compromise as today's cabins. Within FUCAM the conceptual designs of aircraft seating and cabin interior, as part of an overall cabin concept, are expected to better meet the Asian requirements and habits regarding travel behaviour and lifestyle, as the latter differ from those of the Europeans in terms of comfort and enjoyment of the in-flight experience.
The main impact of FUCAM will be the end users' satisfaction so as to eventually develop the best cabin product meeting the needs and requirements of the Asian market. Some essential aspects, such as accessibility, safety, comfort, connectivity from point to point and availability of new contents and services (mails, internet, films, etc.) will be addressed during the collection of passengers' requirements, with the aim to introduce these innovations to the market. Other aspects, such as efficient cabin installation/re-configuration, power and data distribution, communications and electro-magnetic radiation, will be addressed through the identification of the airline's requirements. Considering these requirements will ensure the maintenance of high industrial competitiveness (lead time, final assembly time) and that they will be capable of managing production growth.
The FUCAM project begun in February 2016 and will conclude its activities, having a lifespan of three years, in January 2019 (Grant Agreement number 690674).
For more information, visit the FUCAM website.
EFFICOMP (Efficient Composite parts manufacturing) is a RIA collaboration established between Europe and Japan, aiming to contribute to the reduction of costs and increase of ramp up production of composite parts for structural applications on aerospace products.
Aiming at a TRL of 4-5 for innovative, cost- and time-efficient technologies, the project examines a series of parallel technical objectives with regards to the fast-track and cost-effective production and manufacturing of load-critical composite parts in the aeronautics industry, and more specifically with regards to the reduction of materials' costs, new heating solutions, resistive heating techniques, new concepts in the mold environment, forming and joining of composite parts, and sparking detection.
Being an EU-Japan collaboration, the EFFICOMP project brings together 5 European and 4 Japanese partners who will perform coordinated research and innovation actions on topics of common interests, thus contributing to the deepening and widening of the existing cooperation between Europe and Japan.
For more information visit the EFFICOMP website at https://efficomp.eu/.
The integration of innovative lightweight materials like CFRP into multi-material design (MMD) environments in aeronautic applications brings along a paradigm shift in initial design, manufacturing and in maintenance, repair and overhaul (MRO).
Essential cost reductions over the whole aircraft lifecycle demand innovative processes meeting the specific requirements of MMD in general and specifically of CFRP.
The certification of (structural) adhesive bonding marks a key step for full integration of CFRP, as adhesive bonding is the optimum CFRP joining technology. As yet, difficulties in predicting and assessing the bond quality by non-destructive testing limit the certification of adhesive bonding technologies and subsequently their usage in aeronautic applications.
ComBoNDT (Quality assurance concepts for adhesive bonding of aircraft composite structures by extended NDT) aims at overcoming these limitations through the enhanced development and maturation of extended non-destructive testing (ENDT) methods suitable for pre- and post-bond inspection of adhered surfaces and adhesively bonded joints.
The ComBoNDT approach is threefold and includes:
- reliable and reproducible detection of undefined and/or multiple contaminations on surfaces prior bonding, triggering surface cleaning and activation measures
- reliable and reproducible detection of poor bond quality, triggering appropriate repair actions
- improvements in robustness of methods addressing the requirements of in-line inspection in both aircraft manufacturing and MRO environments.
Time savings of up to 70% and cost savings of up to 50% in related production, MRO and retrofit processes are expected from the application of ENDT technologies resulting from ComBoNDT. The project addresses relevant levels of technology and of manufacturing readiness.
ComBoNDT will contribute to the implementation of safe, cost- and time-efficient adhesive bonding technologies and to the reduction of production and MRO costs.
For more information visit the ComBoNDT website (http://combondt.eu/)
TraMOOC (Translation for Massive Open Online Courses), a Horizon 2020 collaborative project aiming at providing reliable machine Translation for Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), is coordinated by Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin and its Consortium brings together 10 partners from 6 European countries.
The main objective of the project is to create a translation service for the educational material of MOOCs. To achieve this goal, the project will pursue the following challenging scientific and technological objectives:
The project results will be showcased and tested on the Iversity MOOC platform and on the VideoLectures.Net digital video lecture library.
- The generation of high-quality machine translations, even though the targeted languages include weakly supported languages as well as languages that have been proven hard to translate into in previous MT solutions.
- The establishment of a new, appropriate, standardized, multi-level evaluation schema for determining the value of the produced translations
- The automatic bootstrapping of new resources for languages that are fragmentarily or weakly equipped with infrastructure
- The development of a machine translation process which will be language-independent.
The main expected outcome of the project is a high quality machine translation service for all types of educational textual data available on a MOOC platform. The service will support 11 target languages, 9 European and 2 BRIC*. The core of the service will be open-source, with some premium add-on services which will be commercialised. Open source will turn the MOOC translation service into a platform that will enable the integration of any machine translation (MT) solution in the educational domain, for any language.
TraMOOC project begun in February 2015 and will conclude its activities, having a lifespan of three years, in January 2018. The total budget of the project is approximately 2,5M Euro, partially funded by the European Commission under H2020-ICT-2014/H2020-ICT-2014-1 (Grant Agreement number 644333).
For more information, visit the TRAMOOC website.
BRIC: Brazil, Russia, India, China
SUNJET II (SUstainable Network for Japan-Europe aerospace research and Technology cooperation II) is a support action funded by the European Commission, aiming at enhancing the relations between EU and Japan in research activities related to aviation. The project unfolds in two main directions, which at the same time form its main objectives:
i) Building on existing relationships and experience gained from previous collaborations among European and Japanese key-players, SUNJET-II will develop consolidated roadmaps in the fields of Airframes, Engines, Systems and Equipment with the support of R&T Institutions, Academics and Cluster Communities. Out of the above mentioned roadmaps, key topics for future EU-Japan R&T cooperation in the field of aviation will be selected, with an assessment of the funding and time required, and concrete recommendations for future EU-Japan Calls will be produced taking into consideration the EU and Japanese R&T mechanisms. At the same time, a guidance desk will be made available, providing to both the European and Japanese research community relevant guidance material, including recommendations and best practices from past and ongoing cooperation activities.
ii) At the same time, several actions will be implemented, aiming at promoting communication, networking and exchanges between the European and Japanese aeronautics stakeholders. These include a number of physical meetings in Europe and Japan, as well as a dedicated on-line forum platform to facilitate communication and the development of contacts between European and Japanese researchers.
For more information visit the SUNJET II website.
PERSEUS (Promoting Excellence & Recognition Seal of European Aerospace Universities) is a 2-years' Coordination and Support Action funded by the EU's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme. The PERSEUS project aims at firstly defining the evolving skill needs of the European aviation sector and subsequently at formulating strategic recommendations and corrective measures for the improvement and harmonization of the content of the curricula for aviation engineers towards the ultimate creation of an integrated European aviation education system, based on sound quality criteria capable of supporting the continuous improvement of the educational system in the sector. Concurrently, this project aims at developing suitable actions and mechanisms to motivate and encourage the next generation of Europeans to get interested in Aeronautics and thus follow scientific and technical studies and careers in the Aeronautics and Air Transport research and industry.
For more information visit the PERSEUS website.
Safety aboard aircraft is always one of the main preoccupations of aircraft manufacturers and airline companies. Therefore fire safety is one of the major research topics that have been addressed to improve the passenger safety. Fire is an omnipresent threat to life exacerbated in aircraft by the large quantities of highly flammable fuel and very limited possibilities of escape. Tremendous improvements in aircraft fire safety have been introduced during the last 20 years and these efforts have contributed to a significant reduction of the number of accidents, from a level of 15 accidents per million of flight hours in 1959 to two accidents per million of flight hours in 2000. Thanks to these fire safety technologies, e.g. improved cabin materials, aircraft evacuation became more effective and ground fire fighting was improved. In consequence, along the years air transportation has become the safest means of mass transport ever.
But, for the last 15 years the slope of this decrease stays close to zero. Further efforts in fire safety research are still required in order to keep reducing the risk of fire related accidents despite the increase of the air traffic.Nevertheless, in the last 10 years, over 3000 fire incidents have been recorded, many of them with potential for catastrophe, with around 40 fatal fire accidents worldwide [FAA]. With the expected growth in passenger air traffic, the number of fire fatalities will increase by four percent every year! Consequently, to prevent incidents and accidents, aircraft manufacturers aim at improving fire safety requirements, commit to long range Fire Safety Research, and develop efficient technologies while keeping a balance between aircraft safety and economics and performance. But, the evolution of technologies and equipment in new generation of airplanes can have the potential to turn this trend into the opposite direction.
In this context, AircraftFire addresses important questions such as:
- Does the increase of composite on board these aircrafts induce more fire threat than the conventional ones?
- Does the time of flashover change, which is considered as a critical point in post crash cabin fires where the fire rapidly grows to engulf the entire cabin and which generally marks the end of the survivability of passengers still within the cabin?
- Should the fire procedure be conserved, adapted or strongly modified?
CAPPADOCIA (Coordination Action Pro "Production, Avionics, Design" On Cost-efficiency in Aeronautics) is a 4 years Coordination and Support Action of the last FP7 call which focuses on research activities contributing to the achievements of the SRIA goal of cost efficiency. Precisely, CAPPADOCIA will assess past, ongoing and future EC-funded projects related with cost efficiency in Aeronautics and Air Transport. Thus, it will identify scientific gaps and bottlenecks to innovation within the targeted research landscape and accordingly formulate strategic recommendations towards targeted research policy makers and stakeholders, such as ACARE.
For more information visit the CAPPADOCIA website
Virtual prototyping (VP) is a key technology for environmental friendly and cost effective design in the aircraft industry. However, the underlying analysis and simulation tools (for loads, stresses, emissions, noise), are currently applied with a unique set of input data and model variables, although realistic operating conditions are a superposition of numerous uncertainties under which the industrial products operate (uncertainties on operational conditions, on geometries resulting from manufacturing tolerances, numerical error sources and uncertain physical model parameters). Major new developments in this new scientific area of Uncertainty Management and Quantification (UM and UQ) and Robust Design methods (RDM) are needed to bridge the gap towards industrial readiness, as the treatment of uncertainties enables a rigorous management of performance engagements and associated risks. This is the main objective of the UMRIDA project, which has the following action lines:
- Address major challenges in UQ and RDM to develop and apply new methods able to handle large numbers of simultaneous uncertainties, generalized geometrical uncertainties in design and analysis within a turn-around time acceptable for industrial readiness in VP systems.
- To respond to the validation requirements of UQ and RDM, a new generation of database, formed by industrial challenges (provided by the industrial partners), and more basic test cases, with prescribed uncertainties, is proposed.
- The methods developed will be assessed quantitatively towards the industrial objectives on this database, during the project and at two open workshops. The gained experience will be assembled in a Best Practice Guide on UQ and RDM.
It is anticipated that the UMRIDA project will have a major impact on most of the EU objectives for air transport, by enabling design methods to take into account uncertainty based risk analysis.
For more information visit the UMRIDA project website here.